Order of the President of the People’s Republic of China
The Anti-Secession Law, adopted at the Third Session of the Tenth National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China
on March 14, 2005, is hereby promulgated and shall go into effect as of the date of promulgation.
President of the People’s Republic of China
(Adopted at the Third Session of the Tenth National People’s Congress on March 14, 2005)
Article 1 This Law is formulated, in accordance with the Constitution, for the purpose of opposing and checking Taiwan's secession
from China by secessionists in the name of "Taiwan independence", promoting peaceful national reunification, maintaining peace and
stability in the Taiwan Straits, preserving China's sovereignty and territorial integrity, and safeguarding the fundamental interests
of the Chinese nation.
Article 2 There is only one China in the world. Both the mainland and Taiwan belong to one China. China's sovereignty and territorial
integrity brook no division. Safeguarding China's sovereignty and territorial integrity is the common obligation of all Chinese people,
the Taiwan compatriots included.
Taiwan is part of China. The state shall never allow the "Taiwan independence" secessionist forces to make Taiwan secede from China
under any name or by any means.
Article 3 The Taiwan question is one that is left over from China's civil war of the late 1940s.
Solving the Taiwan question and achieving national reunification is China's internal affair, which subjects to no interference by
any outside forces.
Article 4 Accomplishing the great task of reunifying the motherland is the sacred duty of all Chinese people, the Taiwan compatriots
Article 5 Upholding the principle of one China is the basis of peaceful reunification of the country.
To reunify the country through peaceful means best serves the fundamental interests of the compatriots on both sides of the Taiwan
Straits. The state shall do its utmost with maximum sincerity to achieve a peaceful reunification.
After the country is reunified peacefully, Taiwan may practice systems different from those on the mainland and enjoy a high degree
Article 6 The state shall take the following measures to maintain peace and stability in the Taiwan Straits and promote cross-Straits
(1) to encourage and facilitate personnel exchanges across the Straits for greater mutual understanding and mutual trust;
(2) to encourage and facilitate economic exchanges and cooperation, realize direct links of trade, mail and air and shipping services,
and bring about closer economic ties between the two sides of the Straits to their mutual benefit;
(3) to encourage and facilitate cross-Straits exchanges in education, science, technology, culture, health and sports, and work together
to carry forward the proud Chinese cultural traditions;
(4) to encourage and facilitate cross-Straits cooperation in combating crimes; and
(5) to encourage and facilitate other activities that are conducive to peace and stability in the Taiwan Straits and stronger cross-Straits
The state protects the rights and interests of the Taiwan compatriots in accordance with law.
Article 7 The state stands for the achievement of peaceful reunification through consultations and negotiations on an equal footing
between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits. These consultations and negotiations may be conducted in steps and phases and with flexible
and varied modalities.
The two sides of the Taiwan Straits may consult and negotiate on the following matters:
(1) officially ending the state of hostility between the two sides;
(2) mapping out the development of cross-Straits relations;
(3) steps and arrangements for peaceful national reunification;
(4) the political status of the Taiwan authorities;
(5) the Taiwan region's room of international operation that is compatible with its status; and
(6) other matters concerning the achievement of peaceful national reunification.
Article 8 In the event that the "Taiwan independence" secessionist forces should act under any name or by any means to cause the
fact of Taiwan's secession from China, or that major incidents entailing Taiwan's secession from China should occur, or that possibilities
for a peaceful reunification should be completely exhausted, the state shall employ non-peaceful means and other necessary measures
to protect China's sovereignty and territorial integrity.
The State Council and the Central Military Commission shall decide on and execute the non-peaceful means and other necessary measures
as provided for in the preceding paragraph and shall promptly report to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.
Article 9 In the event of employing and executing non-peaceful means and other necessary measures as provided for in this Law, the
state shall exert its utmost to protect the lives, property and other legitimate rights and interests of Taiwan civilians and foreign
nationals in Taiwan, and to minimize losses. At the same time, the state shall protect the rights and interests of the Taiwan compatriots
in other parts of China in accordance with law.
Article 10 This Law shall go into effect as of the date of promulgation.